DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL STANDARD: 28.07.2009g.
UTILIZATION: Companion Dog
CLASSIFICATION FCI: Group-9: Companion and miniature dogs. Section 6: Chihuahua. Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: The Chihuahua is the smallest pedigree dog in the world and bears the name of the largest state of the Mexican Republic (Chihuahua). It is assumed that these dogs live in the wild, but at the time of the Toltec civilization, were captured and domesticated by local people. Images of a small dog, called "Tetichi" and lived in the settlement of Tula, were used as a decoration of urban architecture. These sculptures are very similar to the modern Chihuahua.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: This dog has a compact body. It is important that her skull had yablokoobraznuyu form and that she was carrying a moderately long tail very high, either curved or in a semicircle with the tip pointing towards the loin.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Length of body slightly greater than the height at the withers. However desirable an almost square body, especially in males. In bitches, because they had a reproductive function, longer body is permitted.
CHARACTER / BEHAVIOUR: Quick, alert, lively and very courageous.
Skull: Well rounded apple head (a characteristic of the breed).
GO Stop: Well marked, deep and broad as the forehead is rounded from the base of the muzzle.
Nose: Any color is acceptable. Moderately short, slightly upturned.
Muzzle: Short, seen from side, broad at the base, tapering to the nose.
Lips: Lean and close fitting.
Cheeks: Moderately pronounced, very dry.
Jaws / Teeth: Nnozhnitseobrazny or bite. Overshot, undershot, as well as any other anomaly in position of the upper or lower jaw must be strictly penalized.
EYES: Large, round shape, very expressive, not protruding, perfectly dark. Light eyes are permitted but not desirable.
Ears: Large, upright, widely open, broad at the base, gradually tapering towards their slightly rounded tips. At rest, hung, forming an angle of 45 °.
NECK: Topline slightly arched neck. Medium length. More volume in males than in females. Without the suspension. In the long haired variety, the presence collar with longer hair is highly desirable.
BODY: Compact and well built.
Withers: Slightly pronounced. Back: Short and strong.
Loin: Strongly muscled.
Croup: Broad and strong, almost flat or slightly tilted.
Chest: Ribcage broad and deep, ribs well sprung. Seen from the front is wide, but not excessively. When viewed from the side comes to the elbows. But not barrel shaped.
Underline and belly: Founded clearly picked up his stomach. Slightly tucked up belly is permitted but not desirable.
TAIL: Set on high, flat in appearance, of moderate length, thick at the base, gradually tapering towards the tip. Tail carriage - an important characteristic of the breed: when the dog moves, it is carried either high in a curve or curved semicircle with the tip pointing in the lumbar region, which gives balance to the body. In motion the tail should never be located between the hind legs or curled below the backline. Hair on the tail depends on the variety of dog fur and wool must correspond to the case. In the long haired variety the hair on the tail forms a plume. At rest the tail is lowered and slightly bent.
Forequarters: Forelegs straight and of good length, when viewed from the front they form, together with the elbows straight line. When viewed from the side they are vertical.
Shoulders: Well muscled and moderately folded. Good angulation between shoulder blade and upper arm.
Elbow: Strong and pinned to the body which ensures free movement.
Pastern: Slightly sloping, strong and flexible.
FRONT FEET: Very small and oval with toes well apart but not splayed fingers (neither hare nor the cat). The nails are particularly well rounded and moderately long. Pads well developed and very elastic. Dewclaws not desirable.
Hindquarters: Hind legs are well muscled with long bones, vertical and parallel to each other with good angulation of hip, knee and hock joints, in harmony with angulation of forequarters.
Hocks: Short with well developed Achilles tendon. When viewed from behind they are straight and vertical are delivered.
BACK FEET: Very small and oval with toes well apart but not splayed fingers (neither hare nor the cat). The nails are particularly well rounded and moderately long. Pads well developed and very elastic. Dewclaws not desirable.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Sweeping, springy, energetic and active with good reach and drive. When viewed from the rear, hind legs should move almost parallel to each other so that the traces of hind limbs were placed exactly at the signs of the front paws. With increasing speed, legs tend to toe the central line (single track). Movement remains free and springy without visible effort, head raised, and the back is strong.
SKIN: Smooth and elastic all over body.
HAIR: In this breed there are two kinds of wool.
Smooth: Coat short, close fitting around the body. If there is an undercoat, the hair is somewhat longer; sparse coat on throat and belly permissible; a long neck and tail, short on face and ears. Coat is glossy and its structure is soft. Hairless dogs are not allowed.
Long-haired: Coat should be soft and silky, straight or slightly wavy. Not a very thick undercoat is desirable. Coat is longer, forming adorning the hair on the ears, neck, back of fore and hind legs, paws and tail. Dogs with long billowing coat is not allowed.
COLOUR: All colors are allowed in all possible shades and combinations, except the color merle.
SIZE AND WEIGHT: In this breed only the weight is taken into account, not growth.
WEIGHT: Ideal weight between 1.5 and 3 kg. Dogs weighing less than 500 grams and more than 3 kg shall be disqualified.
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered as a drawback. The degree of shortage is considered depending on the impact on the health and welfare of the dog.
- Lack of teeth;
- Double teeth (permanent or temporary);
- Pointy ears;
- A short neck;
- A long casing;
- Arched or hollow back (Lordosis or Kyphosis);
- Sloping croup;
- A narrow chest, flat chest;
- Properly planted, short or twisted tail;
- Short limbs;
- Twisted elbows;
- Too close Postavy hind limbs.
- A narrow skull;
- Small, deep set or protruding eyes;
- A long snout;
- Overshot or undershot;
- Unstable breathing.
- Aggressive or too timid character;
- Olenepodobnye dog (with an atypical or extremely exaggerated structure, a very light head, long neck, light body, long limbs);
- Dogs with an open fontanel;
- Hanging or short ears;
- Deformed jaw;
- An extremely elongated body;
- The lack of a tail;
- A long-haired variety: too long, lush and uplifting wool;
- A smooth-types: hair loss;
- Merle coat;
- Dogs weighing less than 500 grams and more than 3 kg;
- Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.
Note: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.